One in three teen drivers within the U.S. textual content whereas driving, new survey information suggests. And the quantity could also be greater in states the place teenagers begin driving at youthful ages.
Researchers surveyed 101,397 teenagers age 14 and up, from 35 states, who had pushed a automobile up to now 30 days. All however one of many states had banned textual content messaging for drivers below age 21. Nonetheless, 38 % of the kids mentioned that they had texted whereas driving no less than as soon as.
The outcomes make the case for stronger enforcement of legal guidelines on cell phone use whereas driving however are additionally a warning to oldsters, Dr. Motao Zhu, the research’s senior creator, instructed Reuters Well being by telephone.
“We see an enormous concern … texting whereas driving is severely under-enforced so we do not see many tickets for texting drivers,” mentioned Zhu, who’s Principal Investigator within the Middle for Damage Analysis and Coverage at Nationwide Youngsters’s Hospital in Columbus, Ohio.
Charges of texting whereas driving assorted by state, from 26 % in Maryland to 64 % in South Dakota, Zhu’s workforce experiences within the Journal of Adolescent Well being.
The apply was extra frequent in states the place youngsters may get learner’s permits at youthful ages. The 5 states the place greater than 50 % of adlescent drivers reported texting whereas driving – Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota and Wyoming – granted learner’s permits at age 15 or youthful.
A couple of in 5 college students aged 14 or 15 reported driving earlier than they have been eligible for a learner’s allow, and one in six of those drivers had texted whereas driving with out a allow.
“The sooner teenagers begin driving, the sooner they begin texting whereas driving,” Zhu mentioned.
The speed of texting whereas driving doubled between ages 15 and 16 and continued to rise via age 17 and past, the research authors discovered. They word that white teenagers have been extra more likely to textual content whereas driving than college students of all different races. Younger drivers who wore seat belts have been much less more likely to textual content whereas driving.
A separate research just lately discovered that adolescents drive dangerously as soon as their license permits them to hit the highway with out a grownup within the automotive, even when they’re cautious whereas studying to drive.
“Examine after research has proven that texting whereas driving stays an especially frequent habits in teenagers and different age teams regardless of all the eye and legal guidelines which have been applied,” mentioned Dr. Equipment Delgado, a trauma heart emergency doctor and an assistant professor of Emergency Drugs and Epidemiology on the College of Pennsylvania Perelman Faculty of Drugs in Philadelphia.
Delgado, who was not concerned within the new analysis, instructed Reuters Well being by electronic mail that interventions are wanted past the schooling drivers get previous to getting their license and the legal guidelines banning telephone use.
Knowledge for the research have been drawn from the Youth Danger Habits Survey System of the U.S. Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention (CDC).
The affiliation between age and texting whereas driving underscores the necessity for sustained consideration to it all through the adolescent years, the authors mentioned. To assist tackle the issue, they name for optimistic parental position modeling, clear communication of guidelines round in-vehicle cell-phone use and elevated monitoring of newly licensed teen drivers.
New approaches are additionally wanted, the researchers say. For instance, they recommend, “Social advertising strategies geared toward correcting teenagers’ misperceptions, comparable to the assumption that their buddies interact in distracted driving behaviors extra typically than they do,” might be helpful, as may “offering optimistic incentives for not partaking in texting whereas driving and in-vehicle cellphone blocking applied sciences.”
Among the many limitations of the research, the authors word, is that the survey particularly requested about texting and emailing and never about different methods through which youngsters use telephones whereas driving. Reporting by Ankur Banerjee.
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